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Mongolian Customs

 The early view in Hetao area is the same as the ancient folk song goes. From of old, here it has all along been the place where the nothern minorities live and various folk cultures melt together. if you drink a bowl of kumiss in the sound of the harse head string instrument, you will indulge yourself into the sight of blue sky and white cloud. Your theoughts wandering in the sky, youcan't helpto remember the sight of the lele cart chasing after the sun.

Mongolian Customs

  [Clothes] Wulate Mongolians are always used to wear robes. People who ride a horse or a camel wearing a robe could protect their legs from chillness; they also could keep out cold when they are sleeping. All men and women, old and young are dressed in robes, but the styles are totally different.

  [Decorations] Decorations of men: Wulate Mongolians have formed a good healthy habit. They are accustomed to use their own bowls, chopsticks and knives. Therefore, men always carry knives on the right side of their girdles, and every scabbard of knife has a hole for inserting chopsticks.
  Decorations of women: Wulate Mongolian women are fond of wearing silver earrings, gold and silver bracelets with special headwear, which are stringed together with pearls, corals, turquoise and gold and sliver beads, when on festivals and celebrations.

 [Habits and Customs]: Residence: Wulate Mongolians have nomadized since ancient times and have no fixed abode. They always live in tents and yurts, which are easy to build and remove.
  Food: The foods of Wulate Mongolians are generally divided into grain foods, tea foods, dairy products and meat products. The most common foods are tea with milk, fired millet and Shou Ba Rou (large cuts of stewed mutton that are eaten by hands and knives).
  As the symbols of chastity, goodliness, kindness and luckiness, the dairy products are on the top of all kinds of foods, such as fresh milk, acidophilus milk (yoghourt), Koumiss, cheese, and cream.

  [Mongolian Wrestling] Wrestling, which means “Boke” in Mongolian language, is a traditional sport exercise and an entertainment activity. Mongolian wrestling has unique national characteristics: players will wear wrestling clothes, sleeveless jacket, overalls, and with a scarf of red, yellow, blue colors on their heads, leather boots on their feet, leather belt on their waists and colored ribbons on their necks. The players of two sides waves their arms when they coming out and then begin to wrestle. With a way of eliminating through selection, the champion, the runner-up and the third place will be selected out and be awarded the honorary titles and prizes.

Much due to its long history, rich products, unsophisticated folkway and diversified customs does Bayanur hold colorful tourist festivals and acfivities. The nationally=famed 1st Hetao Culfural Festival, Hualaishi Festival, in Dengkou, Hetao Honeydew Melon Festival, Wuyuan Sunflower Festival and Grassland Culture & Art Festival show the profound culture and vital force of Bayanur, still more set up a platform for its development.

   Nadamu --a Traditional Pageant of Mongolian Nationality

   Nadamu is translated into “entertainment, recreation” in Mongolian language to show the happiness of bumper harvest. Nudamu, which is popular with Mongolian people, is a traditional activity with distinct and rich national and local characteristics. It’s a traditional pageant on grassland every year and also a happy festival for Mongolian people. With the unique national feature, the athletic and physical items are created and spread in the long term of nomadic life. Nadamu is a traditional folk cultural activity with extensive mass and recreation. It contains wide and profound connotation to reflect the value and conception of beauty of Mongolian nationality. Nudamu is usually held in July or August.

[Festival Customs] Mongolians especially attach importance to spring
Festival. The first month of a year is called “Chagansa Day” (White Month) according to the white color. Every family will be busy with preparing the special New Year purchases and food in the 12th lunar month. Old people will invite Lama to foretell the position and trip direction of everyone in coming year. Before deep-frying the food, people will deep fry a snake and a frog, which are made of wheat flour, and put at the top of the door with heads inside to wish a good weather, prosperous domestic animals and plentiful foods and clothes in next year.

  [Sacrificial Ceremonies] Wulate Mongolians are accustomed to offer sacrifice to Aobao, mountains, goods, kitchen God, water and heroes. Offering sacrifice to Aobao is the biggest activity, which is always held in the fifth lunar calendar month. The shape of Aobao, which is piled up by soil, stones on wood, is classified as tower and circular cone. At the beginning of the sacrifice, people fell down before Aobao to pray for getting rid of illness and disaster, good weather and prosperous domestic animals. After sacrifice, people will hold traditional recreation and sport activities, which lasts for two or three days.

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